- Capital: Ranchi
- Population: 26.9 million
- Area: 79,700 sq. km
- Language: Hindi
- Best Season: October to March
- Weather: Summers 16° - 41°C. Winters 1° - 28°C
Places to See Around
The name "Jharkhand" means "The Land of Forests". The 28th state of the Indian Union was brought into existence by the Bihar reorganization Act on November 15, 2000 - the birth anniversary of the legendary Bhagwan Birsa Munda. Jharkhand shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south, and West Bengal to the east. It has an area of 30,778 sq mi (79,710 km2). The industrial city of Ranchi is its capital and Dumka is sub capital while Jamshedpur is the largest and the biggest industrial city of the state. Some of the other major cities and industrial centres are Dhanbad, Bokaro and Hazaribagh.
Jharkhand is situated in the eastern part of India. Jharkhand means "The land of forests'' as 29% of the state is covered by 'jhars' (forests) and woodlands. It is the 28th State of the Indian Union. It's bordering states are Bihar to the North, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the West, Orissa to the South and West Bengal to the East.
The demand for a separate State of ''Vananchal'' or granting autonomy to ''Greater Jharkhand'' kept lingering for a long time but was put off due to various reasons. Jharkhand was a part of the southern part of Bihar but was formed as a separate state on 15 November, 2000. This day of 15 November also marks the birth anniversary of Birsa Munda who was an important leader of the tribals of Chota Nagpur region and was considered as 'bhagwan' by his followers.
Jharkhand , located in eastern India, was carved out of the state of Bihar on November 15th 2000. The capital city of Jharkhand is Ranchi, with Dumka as its sub-capital, while Jamshedpur as its largest and industrial city. Other important cities of Jharkhand are Dhanbad, Bokaro and Haziribagh. The population of Jharkhand is 32,966,238 (2011 census) and covers an area of 79,714 km sq.
The State boasts of richness not only in terms of mineral wealth, but also in terms of culture, languages spoken, festivals celebrated, tourism spots, waterfalls, folk music and dances. Around 32 tribal communities are there in Jharkhand which include Santhals, Mundas, Oraons, Hos, Asur, Bathudi, Bedia, Banjara and Baiga among others. Languages spoken are Hindi, Urdu, Magahi, Khortha, and Nagpuri.