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Kurukshetra Fast Facts
- State: Haryana
- District: Kurukshetra
- Famous for/as: Temple, Planetarium, Light & Sound Show, Museum
- Population: 825,454 (2001)
- Religions: Saini, Jat, Ror, Khatri
- Area: 1,683 km2 (650 sq mi)
- Language: Haryanvi, Hindi, Punjabi
- Best Season: October to March
- Weather: Summer (up to 47°C) and cold in winter (down to 1°C)
- Local Transport: Rail, Bus, Taxi
- Pincode: 136118
- STDCode: 01744
Haryana Govt. Tourist Bureau, 36, Janpath
Chanderlok Building, New Delhi.
Tel : 011-23324910-11. Fax: 23713373.
Email : email@example.com
Haryana Tourism Corporation Limited
SCO 17-19, Sector 17-B, Chandigarh-160017
Tel : 0172-2702955-57, 0172-2720437.
Fax : 0172-2703185, 2702783
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
Kurukshetra, India Overview
Kurukshetra, the venue of the Mahabharata war and the birth place of the Bhagvad Gita, is a great pilgrimage of Hindus covering an area of 48 kosas (Indian measurement scale) with 360 holy places related to the time of Mahabharata. Located in Karnal district of Haryana State, about 160 km from Delhi and 40 km from Ambala, Kurukshetra has great historical and religious importance, because of its Vedic Culture.
Also known by the name of Dharmakshetra and Brahmakshetra, Kurukshetra is intimately related to the Aryan civilization and is one of those holy cities that have borne the imprint of Lord Krishna's footsteps. Holy rivers Saraswati and Yamuna cover the city of Kurukshetra from northern and eastern boundaries which makes the place more religious.
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Must See Places in Kurukshetra, India
Kurukshetra, India History
History of Kurukshetra is as old as the Aryans made their entry into this subcontinent (between 2000 and 1500 BC). It is believed that the Rig Veda was composed between 1500 and 1000 BC in this place. The theological and philosophical framework of Hinduism was believed to be shaped in Kurukshetra between the 5th century BC and the 5th century AD. The land of Kurukshetra was situated between two rivers — the Sarasvati and the Drishadvati. This land has been known as Uttravedi, Brahmavedi, Dharamkshetra and Kurukshetra at different periods. When King Kuru came on this land it was called Uttarvedi. It is written in Puranas that Kurukshetra is named after King Kuru of the Bharata Dynasty, ancestor of Pandavas and Kauravas. The Bharata Dynasty came and settled on this land. Later the 18 days Battle of Mahabharata was fought on this land between the Pandavas and Kauravas, during which Lord Krishna preached Bhagavad Gita to Arjuna at Jyotisar.
Over the period this land has been ruled by many empires. It reached the zenith of its progress during the reign of King Harsha, during which Chinese scholar Hieun Tsang visited this land at Thanesar. By the archaeological grounds it has been proved that Ashoka the Great made Kurukshetra a centre of learning for people from all over the world. It is believed that the Mughal Emperor Akbar was also visited Kurukshetra with his court historian Abul Fazal during the Solar Eclipse in 1567 (as refered in Abul Fazal's Akbarnama). At that time while seeing the huge Brahma Sarovar, Abul Fazal called it a ‘miniature ocean'. The French traveler Francois Bernier of the Mughal Emperor Shajehan's era also mentions the sacred tanks of Kurukshetra. The city was plundered by Sultan Muhammad in 1014 AD; he destroyed most of its temples and carried away as much gold as he could. Akbar brought peace, but Aurangzeb just messed things up for the Hindus because it was a sacred place for them.