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Patiala Fast Facts
- State: Punjab
- District: Patiala
- Famous for/as: Historical,Heritage,Temples,Adventure,Wildlife
- Population: 2,192,282
- Area: 210 km2
- Altitude: 250 m
- Language: Punjabi, Hindi, English
- Best Season: Throughout the year
- Weather: Summer 35 to 40°C, Winter 5 to 24°C
- Clothing: Pack a good pair of shoes, a camera to capture the city, sunscreen lotion and your winter or summer clothes, depending on the season that you travel in.
- Local Transport: Moving around the city is easy as there are number of transport facilities available. You could hire a taxi or an auto rickshaw or simply rickshaw to move around the busy markets of Patiala. Hire a taxi and fix the fare before you get into the taxi to avo
- Pincode: 14700x
- STDCode: 0175
Patiala, India Overview
Patiala is known as the City of Gardens and Palaces. Famous for its peg, pagri, paranda, reshmi naley, jutti and salwars, Patiala has a rich and diverse culture signifying a busy city life.
Patiala city is a place that would give one the much-needed tranquility far from urban chaos. The city of Patiala has it all- massive forts, magnificent palaces, museums, modern buildings, institutions, gardens which depicts the charm of the bygone whereas it is also well equipped with all the amenities of present day life.
If you wish to have a look at the wide variety of Rajput, Mughal and Punjabi cultures along with a fine blend of modernity and tradition, then you must plan a trip to the beautiful and bold city of 'Patiala'.
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Must See Places in Patiala, India
Patiala, India History
In the 18th century, the political vacuum created by the downfall of the Mughals was successfully filled up by the Sikh Misldars in Punjab by thwarting the designs of the Marathas and the Afghans. One among these independent principalities of the Sikhs was that established by Baba Ala Singh at Patiala.
The rulers of the erstwhile states of Patiala, Nabha and Jind trace their ancestry to one Chaudhary Phul. Apparently the appellation of dynasty 'Phulkian' is derived from their common founder. One of his sons, Chaudhary Ram Singh, was baptised and blessed by Guru Gobind Singh. His son Ala Singh assumed the leadership in 1714 A.D. when Banda Bahadur was engaged in the fierce struggle against the Mughals. A man with vision and courage, Ala Singh carved out an independent principality from a petty Zamindari of 30 villages. Under his successors, it expanded into a big State, touching the Shivaliks in north, Rajasthan in the south and upper courses of the Jamuna and the Sutlej. While confronting the most trying and challenging circumstances in the middle eighteenth century, Baba Ala Singh, unlike many of his contemporaries, displayed tremendous courage and shrewdness in dealing with the Mughals, Afghans and Marathas, and successfully established and maintained a state which he had started building up bit by bit from its nucleus Barnala.
After the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761 in which the Marathas were defeated, the writ of the Afghans prevailed throughout Punjab. It is at this stage that the rulers of Patiala began to acquire ensigns of royalty. Ahmad Shah Abdali bestowed upon Ala Singh drum and banner after latter's death, his grandson Amar Singh, succeeded and received the title of Raja-i-Rajgan. He was also allowed to strike coins.
His Highness Maharaja Bhupinder Singh (1900–1938) gave the Patiala state a prominent place on the political map of India and, in the field of international sports. Most of the buildings with splendid architectural designs were constructed during his reign. It was His Highness who got the Patiala Aerodrome built for his use.
His son Maharaja Yadvindra Singh, a true nationalist, was among those Indian princes who readily came forward to sign the Instrument of Accession, thus facilitating the process of national integration. In recognition of his services, he was appointed the Rajpramukh of the newly established Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU).
Though historians have tried to trace the origin of Patiala (as far as the name is concerned) to Rig Vedic literature, the town as it stands today was founded by Ala Singh with the construction of the Qila Mubarak in 1763. One gets the impression as if the city was designed and developed according to a plan akin to that of temple architecture. In the heart of the city was the seat of the king similar to the house of the deity and the residential areas of communities developed almost status-wise. Close to Qila Mubarak were the Mohallas of the Khatris, Aroras, Baniyas along with the big Havelis of the nobility, The first settlers of Patiala were the Hindus of Sirhind, who opened their business establishments outside the Darshani Gate. The lower caste got settled on the peripheral areas of the Patiala city now known as Chur Majris. As in all the medieval towns, there were separate localities of dancing girls. Dharampura Bazar was one such in Patiala, which was frequented by the ruling elite. In the late nineteenth century, the ruling class having been granted huge Jagirs became rich and started constructing huge mansions with sprawling lawns. Some of the buildings though shabbily maintained, stand as mute evidence of that feudal glory.
The royal house is now headed by His Highness Maharajadhiraj Captain Amarinder Singh, Mahendra Bahadur of Patiala who also served as the Chief Minister of Punjab from 2002 to 2007. The royals are still considered as cultural and political icons in Patiala.
Maharaja Karam singh who ruled from 1813 to 1845 the Sikh Kingdom of Patiala in Punjab was also known as a traitor who joined the British East India Company and helped the British during the First Anglo Sikh wars against another Imperial Sikh Empire of Punjab which was larger and extended from Tibet Kashmir, Plains of Punjab to Peshawar Near the Afghan corders.