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Tawang Fast Facts
- State: Arunachal Pradesh
- District: Tawang
- Famous for/as: Heritage,Lake
- Population: 38,924
- Area: 2085 sq. km
- Altitude: 2669 m
- Language: Tibetan, Hindi and English
- Best Season: Mar - Oct
- Weather: Summer 5 to 22°C, Winter -13 to 10°C
- Clothing: Warm clothing throughout the year
- Local Transport: Local transportation is available in the form of buses or jeeps.
- Pincode: 790104
- STDCode: 03782
POLICE: Police Station : (03794)222235 HOSPITAL: Tawang Civil Hospital (Duty Room) : (03794) 22223 District Hospital Tawang : (03794) 22339
Tawang, India Overview
The district of Tawang, in Arunachal Pradesh is the land of the Monpa tribe and is a rather unusual hill station that packs in adventure options for the outdoor buff. It is a major centre for the Mahayana Buddhist sect. Tawang is located at a height of 12,000 ft. above the sea level and shares its border with Tibet and Bhutan. There are a number of high altitude lakes in Tawang but not all of them are accessible. The army has a strong presence in Tawang and it restricts movements in certain areas but that is because the district shares a highly sensitive border with China. The Himalayas tower over this picturesque hills station, puncturing the impossibly blue sky with their snowy hills and peaks. Tourism in Tawang is best suited for people looking for adventure as it has interesting trekking trails for hikers and outdoor enthusiasts.
Travel to Tawang is a little tiring, but nature, displaying its splendor in all its glory, will make you realize that it is worth all the trouble getting to Tawang. Many times over!
The Monpa tribe of Tawang district is simple people who tend to their yaks and brew their own alcohol. They believe in enjoying life to the hilt and when spirits are high they often break into song and dance. Polygamy prevails in Tawang and marriage between cousins is an accepted practice. Though they are non violent by nature and anamoly exists in that the Monpas have no qualms at animal sacrifice or animal consumption. The Monpas also have their own secret customs that they follow and not much is known about these.
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Must See Places in Tawang, India
Tawang, India History
Tawang got its name from the Tawang Monastery. The monastery was founded in the 17th century by Merag lama Lodre Gyatso . Aninteresting legend surrounds the monastery which literally means 'chosen by horse'.
It is believed that Marag Lama was looking for a place to build and establish a monastery. One day he was praying in a cave seeking guidance and when he came out he discovered his horse was missing. on searching for it he found his horse standing on a hill top. Taking this as a sign he built the monastery in the very same spot.
Tawang derived its name from the majestic Tawang Monastery. Perched atop a ridge and surrounded by thick clouds and perennial mist, the Tawang Monastery seems to be suspended from heaven in an equally ethereal space. About 400 years old the monastery is one of the oldest and the largest in Asia and can house more than 700 monks. It controls 17 Gonpas and a few nunneries of this region. Founded by Merag lama Lodre Gyatso in 1681 in accordance to the wishes of the 5th Dalai Lama, Nagwang Lobsang Gyatso, the monastery has an interesting legend surrounding its name, which means chosen by horse. (Ta-horse, Wang-Chosen) As the legend goes the site of the Monastery was chosen by the horse of Merag Lama.
Merag Lama, who had been unable to decide a site to establish the monastery, was one day praying in cave, seeking a divine guidance, when he came out after the prayers, he found his horse missing. On search, the horse was located standing quietly on a hilltop. Considering this as a sign of devine blessing he decided to construct the monastery at the very spot. The monastery was built with the help of volunteers from the neighboring villages. Even today, the villages are responsible for the upkeep of the monastery. The monastery is also grandiloquently called Galden Namgey Lhatse meaning celestial paradise and one look at the monastery on a clear night will make one realize how true its name, it stands glowing like a phantasmagoria in the blue of the night.
Tawang the Hidden Paradise or Land of Dawn-lit mountains; this land evokes images of awesome mountain views, remote hamlets, quaint and sleepy villages, magical Gonpas, tranquil lakes and allot more. At Tawang, you have a heavenly tryst with nature at its best and the heady mixture of history, religion and legends.The land of Monpas, Tawang is a district of Arunachal Pradesh situated at a height of 10,000 ft from the sea level.