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Sitamarhi Fast Facts
- State: Bihar
- District: Sitamarhi
- Famous for/as: Sita Temple
- Population: 2,669,887
- Religions: Hindus, Muslims
- Area: 2,185.17 Sq. km
- Altitude: 56 m
- Language: Bihari, Hindi
- Best Season: Summer , Winter
- Weather: 27-47°C, Winter 5-28°C
- Clothing: (Summer) : Cottons (Winter) : Woolens
- Local Transport: Rickshaws, taxis and buses
- Pincode: 843302
- STDCode: 06226
Sitamarhi, India Overview
Sitamarhi is a town and the district headquarters of Sitamarhi district, Bihar, India.The district is a part of the Tirhut Division and is located along the border of Nepal.
It is surrounded by Nepal in the north, Muzaffarpur in the south, Champaran and Sheohar in the west and Darbhanga and Madhubani in the east.
Rivers like Baghmati, Aghwara, Lakhandei and Manusmara flow through the Sitamarhi District. The northern part of Sitamarhi District falls in the foothills of the Himalaya. The moderate climate and the alluvial soil of the area make it the land of Rabi Cultivation. The district is also a commercial centre of rice, timber, hides and oilseeds.
The historical significance of the Sitamarhi District is associated with the wife of Ram, Sita. According to a mythology, Mata Sita was born in an earthen pot under the land of this district, where her father Raja Janak found her while ploughing that land to seek the blessings of Lord Indra, for rain.
Raja Janak dug a tank at that place and after the marriage of Sita, he placed the stone figures of Rama, Sita and Lakshman to mark the place. Later on, an ascetic named Birbal Das, discovered the place and it got recognised as Sitamarhi. In 1972, this district was separated from Muzaffarpur and made a part of northern Bihar.
The culture of Sitamarhi is rich in folk arts, dance and music. The lac bangles of the place are also quite popular. The world-renowned Madhubani paintings are done in several blocks of this district. The Jat-Jatni and Jhinjhari are the popular folk dances of the Sitamarhi District.
Sitamarhi also offers a large number of religious, historic and modern tourist attractions. Important places in the place include Janaki Temple at Sitamarhi, Janaki Temple at Punaura, Deokuli, Haleshwar Sthan, Baghi Math, Goraul Sharif, Shukeshwar Sthan, Bodhayan-Sar and Sabhagachhi Sasaula.
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Must See Places in Sitamarhi, India
Sitamarhi, India History
Sitamarhi has suffered natural disasters, including excess flooding due to mis-management of the banks by both civilians and government officials.This town was almost completely destroyed by the earthquake of 1934.
Sitamarhi is located at26.6°N 85.48°E. It has an average elevation of 56 metres (183 feet). sitamarhi district is drained by rivers such as baghmati, aghwara, lakhandei (lakshman rekha), manusmara & few other minor streams. the northern portion of sitamarhi falls in foothills of himalaya. here elevation increases as one goes from south to north.The ground is not rocky and there are no mountains. Land is suitable for growing crops.There is no water scarcity as ground water is present.
Sitamarhi has road connections to adjoining districts, of which the major examples are National Highway 77 and National Highway 104. It is situated on the Darbhanga Narkatiaganj railway line and has the largest railway station of district. Another broad gauge track, running between Muzaffarpur and Sitamarhi. Direct train services are available to places such as New Delhi, Kolkata, Varanasi, Hyderabad and Kanpur.