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Newcastle Fast Facts
- State: NSW
- Famous for/as: beautiful beaches,rich maritime history,vibrant arts culture, cool bars and acclaimed restaurants
- Population: 288,732 (2006)
- Area: 261.8 kmē (101.1 sq mi)
- Altitude: 9 m (30 ft)
- Language: Spanish,British English
- Best Season:
- Local Transport:
- Pincode: 2300
- STDCode: 02
- 361 Hunter St
Newcastle, NSW, 2300
Newcastle, Australia Overview
Perched between a working harbour and beautiful beaches, Newcastle is a vibrant cosmopolitan city, with a rich maritime history, vibrant arts culture, cool bars and acclaimed restaurants. Few cities are lucky enough to have so many fabulous beaches so close to the city centre;Merewether, Bar, Newcastle and Nobbys Beach are popular surfing and fishing locations. Merewether is also one of Australia's National Surfing Reserves and home to the international Surfest surfing competition held in March each year.
For a walk through Newcastle's past, head to Fort Scratchley Historic Site which is in a commanding position guarding the Hunter River estuary. The historic Bogey Hole at Newcastle Beach is a hand-hewn ocean rock pool carved out of a cliff face by convicts in the 19th century while Merewether Ocean Baths is the largest in the southern hemisphere.
The emerging food scene here is evident in the great restaurants, bars and outdoor cafés around the city. Sip cocktails at one of the many harbourside restaurants or bars at Honeysuckle or head to Beaumont Street in Hamilton to dine at outdoor mediterranean-style cafes. Darby Street, in Cooks Hill, is a bohemian strip with eclectic boutiques, bookshops and cafés just perfect for a late breakfast.
Newcastle's arts scene has always been vibrant - check out the cluster of galleries and boutiques along Darby Street, Newcastle East and Cooks Hill. Enjoy a performance at the beautiful art-deco Civic Theatre and don't miss a visit to Newcastle Art Gallery, one of Australia's leading regional galleries.
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Must See Places in Newcastle, Australia
Newcastle, Australia History
The Awabakal and Worimi peoples are recognised and acknowledged as traditional custodians of the land and waters of the Newcastle area.
The earliest Aboriginal reference to the naming of Newcastle is Muloobinba (meaning Mu-lu-bin [edible sea fern] -ba [place of)].
Following European settlement, Newcastle became a penal station, a coal town, a steel city. It has a working port, and is steeped in a long heritage of labour and trade unonism