- Population: 2 million
- Area: 74,500 sq.km
- Best Season: The best time to visit Sabah is between May and September when the weather is comparatively dry. It is also the best time to see the turtles, which make nightly landings at various locations to lay their eggs. November to January is the rainy season and i
- Weather: Temperature varies from 21°C to 32°C in the lowlands, while in the hilly regions temperature varies from 13°C to 23°C. Average annual rainfall is 2000 mm.
Places to See Around
Sabah travel can be really interesting as Sabah has much to offer to its visitors. The natural splendor of the place is a much talked-about attraction of Sabah and all those who want to have a glimpse of the remaining unspoiled rainforest area of the world have to come to Sabah. Sabah travel will be fun as you will have the sea, the hills and the thick rainforest area which add to the charm and beauty of the place. Traveling to Sabah is not at all a problem as the visitors can get down at the Kota Kinabalu International Airport which is only 10 km away from the heart of the city. Direct flights from countries like Tokyo, Seoul, Singapore, Kuala Lampur and Brunei are available to the Kota Kinabalu International Airport.
Facts about Sabah will tell you about the various forms of transportation in Sabah. If you have arrived at the airport you can hire a taxi which will take you to the desired destination without any difficulty. Travel to Sabah is not at all difficult as the holidayers can avail of the ferry services, rail services and the bus services. Flights from various corners of the world transport passengers who are willing to have a glimpse of the second largest city of Malaysia. Some of the airlines which have flights to Kota Kinabalu are Malaysia Airlines, Royal Brunei, Dragon Air, Transmile Air, Garuda Airlines and Singapore Airlines. Facts about Sabah will tell you that the city was part of the British colony and was previously called North Borneo.
Sabah travel include all the major places of attraction like Oran Utan Sanctuary, the charming town of Kota Belud, the beautiful Sabah State Mosque in Kota Kinabalu, Mount Kinabalu, the small village of Penampang which is known for its ethnic groups, Sabah State Museum, and the Gomantong caves. As getting to Sabah is not at all a problem you can make your reservations prior to your visit to any of the hill resorts of sea resorts according to your preferences, all these resorts are known to provide fine accommodation coupled with world-class amenities so that the modern travelers face no difficulty. Your family vacation will be complete in Sabah.
Sabah was earlier under various chieftains. Evidences indicate that Sabah had trading relations with Chinese, Portuguese, and Spanish. During the 15th century, Sabah was a vassal of the Sultan of Brunei. In 1704, the Sultan of Brunei ceded the land east of Murudu Bay to the Sultan of Sulu. In the early 1880's, Moses, an American trader, obtained a lease over Sabah from Brunei. The lease eventually passed to Alfred Dent, an Englishman. In 1881, he signed a treaty with Brunei and Sulu, converting the lease into a cession.
Thus the British North Borneo (earlier name Sabah) was born. It was administered by the Chartered Company of British North Borneo until the Japanese occupation. When the Japanese surrender, Sabah was put under the British Military Administration. In 1946, the Company surrendered its rights to the British Government and Sabah became a British Crown Colony. In 1963, it gained independence and joined Malaysia. In 1963, it gained independence and joined Malaysia.
According to archaeological findings, Sabah is said to be inhabited by humans from about 28,000 years ago. Prior to the 16th century, the area of Sabah, Sarawak and Brunei were controlled by the Kingdom of Brunei who in turn were controlled by the empires of Sri Vijayan of Sumatra and then later on by Majapahit of Java.
However during the 15th century, Parameswara who was the king of Majapahit Empire, took over Mallaca and spread its wings over the trade of Brunei. As the port started trading with other Asian and Arab countries, it flourished economically and along with paved the way for Islam. Islam was accepted by one and all and the Brunei Sultans were no exception. After Sultanate of Malacca's rule ended during the mid 16th century, after the advent of Portuguese, it was left upon the Sultans to spread Islam. They extended their rule as far as Luzon and Sulu and to south and west of Borneo.
It was in the year of 1761, when Alexander Dalrymple, an officer with East India Company, posted at Madras (now Chennai), settled and had a agreement with the Sultan of Sulu to set up a trading post in Borneo. Alexander chose the site of Balembangan Island, and in 1763 he renamed it as ‘Felicia’. But due to bad supervision and piracy, the trading post turned out to be a big fiasco. Later on, in 1803, Governor General of India, Lord Arthur Wellesley tried to revive the post and reassign it as a military station, but his plans failed and finally the idea was aborted in 1805.
Due to this failure, British rulers diverted their attention to other Malayan regions such as Labuan. But it took almost 40 years to revive their interest in North Borneo and specifically in Labuan. This time, in 1844, James Brook approached the Sultan of Brunei to use Labuan as a coaling base, to prohibit piracy and increase trade.
On 18th December 1846, the Sultan handed over Labuan and its neighbouring islands over to the British for an infinite period and John Brooke was crowned the Governor General of Labuan. But the administration of Labuan under the rule of Brooke failed and in general no British ruler could govern it for an extended period of time. After passing through the hands of British North Borneo Chartered Company and traits Settlements, it ultimately became a part of Malaysia on 16th April 1984.
After a succession of failures, the British became disinterested in Borneo and it was in the year of 1881 when North Borneo came under the administration of a commercial company, British North Borneo Chartered Company (BNBCC). The building blocks of BNBCC were laid when the agreement between Sultan of Brunei and American Consul of Brunei took place. North Borneo was sold on 10 year lease to Claude Lee Moses who in turn sold it to an American Trading company owned by J.W. Torrey, T.B.Harris and some Chinese merchants. Kimanis was chosen as the base by Torrey and he renamed it as ‘Ellena’. But the transaction didn’t last long due to non-availability of financial backing. The settlement was then sold by Torrey to Baron Von Overbeck, Austrian Consul in Hong Kong. He renewed the 10 year lease from Tumonggong of Brunei. He found his financial backing in the form of Dent brothers to whom he later transferred the rights of North Borneo. In 1881, Alfred Dent formed the British North Borneo Provisional Association Ltd, which was later renamed as British North Borneo Chartered Company (BNBCC) when it received its Royal Charter.
North Borneo became a British protectorate and they peacefully ruled it until the advent of Second World War. 60 years had passed by, under the British rule and the peace of Sabah was shattered when the Japanese invaded it on 1st January 1942, until it was liberated by A.I.F in 1945. Later on, after the Second World War, in 1946, North Borneo came under the administration of British Military and civil government.
Due to the destruction caused by the war, BNBCC could not afford to re-establish their colony and Sabah came under the British crown. The bombings were so shattering, that the capital was shifted to Jesselton. Under the rule of the British Crown, reconstruction and development of the city started taking place.
On 31st August 1957, Malaysia achieved independence after 446 of imposing rule under the British. 11 states of Malay Peninsula came together to form the Federation of Malaysia. In 1963, colonies of Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore which were under the rule of British Crown came under the rule of Malaysia. The Sultan of Brunei initially showed interest in merging his country with Malaysia, but later withdrew. However in 1965, Singapore retreated from the Federation and was proclaimed as an independent country.